World History

c.1900 to the present

Topics

Subtopic

Blitzkrieg: Blitzkrieg is an attacking force characterized by a concentration of armored and mechanized infantry, backed b close air support. Kristallnacht refers to the period of violence against Jewish shopkeepers. Endsieg means "final victory". A Mischling was a person deemed to have only partial Aryan descent, while Rassenschane referred to sexual relations between Aryans and Jews, which was punishable by law.


British Army: Prior to 1916, Britain had a small, all-volunteer army with the lower ranks made up of working class men and the officer pool made up of upper and middle class men. High casualties during World War I led to the institution of conscription. By the end of the war, Britain had sustained over 700,000 casualties, as well as 2 million men wounded and 300,000 missing.


Lusitania: American entry into World War I was mostly triggered by the sinking of the Lusitania by German U-boats. The Lusitania was a noncombatant vessel carrying American passenger. Its sinking by German U-boats outraged the United States and contributed towards the United States' eventual involvement in World War I. The German justification for the sinking was that the United States had been spiriting war supplies to the British.


Nazis & decollectivization of Soviet farms: In propaganda, the Nazis claimed to have decollectivized Soviet farms, but in reality had changed nothing. State-controlled farms remained in place, simply renamed "community farms" by the Nazis who claimed this would be a transitional stage. It was promised that peasants who loyally delivered compulsory quotas would eventually be rewarded with decollectivization, but by 1943, the Nazis had still made no conversions to private farms.


Post World War II events: Following the World War II, Germany was divided into Western and Eastern halves, Poland's border was pushed westward and Pro-Soviet governments were installed in Eastern Europe and the United Nations was created. The infamous "war guilt clause" that forced Germany to accept full responsibility for the war followed World War I, not World War II.


World War I : The Anglo-German rivalry, the Alliance System and the rise of a unified Germany as an industrial and military power in Europe and German military planning contributed to the outbreak of World War I. The remilitarization of the Rhineland by Adolf Hitler occurred in 1936, prior to World War II, not World War I. It was the alliance system and long-standing rivalries and arms races between nations, such as that between England and Germany, that most contributed to the outbreak of the war. World War I marked the first use of widespread chemical warfare such as poison gas. The cannon and land mine were used long before WWI, while nuclear warfare and guided missiles were first used in World War II.