World History

c.600 C.E to c. 1450

Topics

Subtopic

Chinese religion after Han dynasty: Christianity, Islam, Manicheanism and Zoroastrianism had an influence on the religion of China after the Han Dynasty. Many religions were influential in China, but the most influential was Buddhism. However, Emperor Wuzong, in the 800s, banned Buddhism, Christianity, and Zoroastrianism, and persecuted the adherents of these religions, demolishing many Buddhist monasteries.


Foot-binding: Because large feet were considered ugly, foot-binding become popular in the Song Dynasty. This was an extreme example of how patriarchal the society was at the time. The practice caused great pain to the woman whose foot was bound, and could deform and cripple her as well.


Kami: In the Shinto religion of Japan, they worship the “kami.” which is nature. Kami can be both things that are seen in nature, and things that are unseen in nature. The Shinto have other gods as well, and they do believe that the emperor is divine, being kin with the sun goddess.


Rice from Vietnam: Using a new kind of rice from Vietnam that ripened quickly caused a more than double increase in population in China from 600 C.E. to 1200 C.E. (approximately 45 million people to 115 million). The surplus of food allowed for a population growth. Other agricultural advances at the time were also made, helping in this growth of the food supply. However, the use of “Champa” rice from Vietnam was essential.


Song Dynasty: The Chinese Song Dynasty created processes for printing, allowing its literature to spread across Asia. Though they used their literature for more practical purposes than the more poetic T’ang Dynasty had, the printing processes they created made their literary influence known all throughout Asia, even into Korea and Japan.