World History

c.600 B.C.E to c. 600 C.E



Belief systems: The Christian, Jewish, Confucius, and Hindu belief systems all have in common at their conception is they were all highly patriarchal. It is believed that patriarchy became much more explicit with the development of agriculture. Most early religions did nothing to supplant this viewpoint.

Christian apostle Paul: Writing and teaching from approximately 45 to 65 C.E., Christian apostle Paul make it easier for Greeks, Romans, and other non-Jewish people to convert to Christianity by making it so Christians did not have to become circumcised or observe the Jewish dietary restrictions. In the epistle Paul wrote to the Galatians, he speaks of how he had to confront the apostle, and close friend of Jesus, Peter over his treatment of non-Jewish people. This is referred to as the “incident at Antioch.”

Confucianism and Legalism: The major difference between Confucianism and Legalism is that Confucianism argued that people were innately good while Legalism argued that people were innately immoral. The basis of Confucianism’s humanism is that people are innately good and, through right teaching, can become more virtuous.

Similarity between Confucianism and Buddhism: Confucianism and Buddhism are historically two of the world’s greatest religions. The similarity between Confucius and Siddhartha Gautama, the founder of Confucianism and Buddhism, respectively is that neither claimed to be divine. Though both Confucius and Siddhartha Guatama may have believed in some sorts of deities, and both belief systems that stemmed from these two men have often been combined with other supernatural beliefs, the men themselves never claimed to be deities, as other founders of religions, such as Jesus of Nazareth, did.

Similarity between Christianity and Confucianism: The similarity between Christianity and Confucianism is that they had a similar “Golden Rule”. Christianity’s golden rule is to “do unto others as you would have them do unto you,” while Confucius, five centuries before Jesus, said, “do not impose onto others what you do not wish for yourself.” How similar things are taught in very different cultures is the matter of great debate among historians.

Upanishads: With Vedism people were often taught that the only way they could live was to blindly follow the demands of the upper castes. However, the Upanishads argued for just living that did not rely solely on what the upper castes told the lower castes to do.