World History

Period up to c. 600 B.C.E



Earliest clay pots: The earliest clay pots were used as long as 12,500 years ago. Many of the tools that they used at this time had double uses. Not only would they be used for cooking food or hunting, but they would also be used as weapons.

Early Stone Age: • The Paleolithic age, or “Early Stone Age,” was the longest period of the Stone Age, lasting from about 2.5 million years ago to roughly 12,000 years ago. This period did overlap with the Pleistocene epoch’s ice ages, but the Stone Age helped the hunter-foragers to develop tools to use in a variety of climates, allowing them to survive the ice ages.

Last ice age of the Pleistocene epoch: • The last glacial period occurred 28,000 to 10,000 years ago. This intensely cool period caused about the global climate to reach its coolest point.

Peopling of the Earth: • Discounting places with the worst climates—such as Antarctica—people had settled in all continents by 8,000 B.C.E, though it would be about another 3,000 years before civil societies, and recorded history, began.

Paleolithic Stone Age humans: Paleolithic Stone Age humans provide for themselves by hunting and foraging. Stone-Age humans would use whatever their environment provided, including animals, plants, berries, and nuts. When an environment ran out of resources, they would move somewhere more hospitable.

Stone Age hunter-foragers: The habitats that Stone Age hunter-foragers typically chose to live in was grasslands. This was because of the plentiful plant life which provided sustenance for the many animals that the hunters needed in order to subsist, and also extra nourishment for the hunters themselves. Stone-Age hunter foragers made use of tents and huts, natural abodes such as caves and canyons and structures of wood or stone. Though hunter foragers probably made use of the natural abodes most often, they had developed skills complex enough for more sophisticated housing.