Nursing, Personal Care Attendant (PCA)

Steps for proper hand washing

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1: Carefully turn on the sink to keep water from splashing on you, as moist clothing is a breeding ground for bacteria.


2: Wet your hands and wrists thoroughly, making sure your hands are lower than your elbows to prevent water from running down your arm.


3: Next apply soap to your hands, use a generous amount.


4: Create lather by rubbing your hands together and fingers between each other. The goal is to have the antibacterial soap touch all parts of your hands and wrists, so make sure you cover all surface areas. Use friction to make sure the surfaces are truly clean. Perform this for 20 sec.


5: Clean the area under your nails by rubbing them in the palm of your hand, making sure the soap gets under your finger nails.


6: Because all surfaces are potentially contaminated, do not touch the sink itself while rinsing off the soap. All the surfaces of your hands and wrists should be rinsed thoroughly. Be careful not to rinse unwashed parts of your arm causing possibly contaminated water to run down onto your clean hands.


7: When drying, use a dry clean paper towel to dry all surfaces of your hands, wrists, and fingers. Make sure to not wipe any unwashed parts of your arms and then wipe clean hands. When disposing of the towel do not touch the waste basket. If you do touch the sink or the waste basket, start the hand washing procedure over.


8: Use a dry, clean paper towel to turn the faucet off. Touching the surface of the sink or faucet will contaminate your hands.


9: After shutting off the faucet, immediately throw away the paper towel.