Nursing, Personal Care Attendant (PCA)

ADL, Extensive assistance, Limited assistance, Minimal assistance, Stand-by assistance, Sensory aids



ADL: ADL is an abbreviation for activities of daily living. This includes any routine that an adult performs throughout their day such as bathing, eating, grooming, dressing, and moving about.

Extensive assistance: Extensive assistance means that the client can do nothing independently. This type of client (also called total care) usually needs to be assisted with all facets of activities, or must have them done by a caregiver.

Limited assistance: Limited assistance means that clients can do some activities on their own, such as turning in bed, feeding themselves, or transferring to a wheelchair safely. AKA moderate assistance, the client can participate in the activities, but cannot safely accomplish them alone.

Minimal assistance: Minimal assistance for a client means that clients can accomplish most tasks without help, but may need assistance with details like buttons, hair combing, or meal preparation. Some clients are visually impaired and need help reading medication bottles.

Stand-by assistance: Stand-by assistance is for clients that can physically function on their own with daily tasks and routines, but are not safe if left alone. This can be related to memory loss or other psychological dysfunction, or a physical deficit that can cause falls and other injuries.

Sensory aids: Sensory aids usually are tools that help clients see or hear better. Glasses and hearing aids are commonly used sensory aids.