Nursing, Personal Care Attendant (PCA)

Dehydration, Dysphagia, Hydration, Incontinence, Ostomy



Dehydration: Dehydration is a condition that occurs because of too little fluid intake, or too much fluid loss. Dehydration can cause constipation, electrolyte imbalance, and complicate other medical conditions.

Dysphagia: Dysphagia is difficulty in chewing or swallowing. This can be caused by a stroke or a throat condition. The client chokes easily and must have specially prepared foods, or in some cases, tube feedings.

Hydration: Hydration is the act of taking fluids whether it is by drinking, intravenous (IV) administration, or gastric tube. Proper hydration is critical to health and mental status.

Incontinence: Incontinence occurs when the client either can't make it to the toilet in time, or does not realize they need to go. Clients that urinate on themselves must have frequent and through skin care. Incontinence is a medical condition that makes a person unable to control bladder or bowels.

Ostomy: An Ostomy is an opening from the intestine or colon to the outside of the body through the abdominal wall. The client wears a specially made bag to collect feces. They must have special skin care by properly trained personnel.