Biotechnology types: One major application of biotechnology is the directed use of organisms for the manufacture of organic products (examples include beer and milk products). Another example is using naturally present bacteria by the mining industry in bioleaching. Biotechnology is also used to recycle, treat waste, cleanup sites contaminated by industrial activities (bioremediation), and also to produce biological weapons.
Bioinformatics: Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field which addresses biological problems using computational techniques. Bioinformatics plays a key role in functional genomics, structural genomics, and proteomics, and forms a key component in the biotechnology and pharmaceutical sector.
Blue biotechnology: Blue biotechnology refers to the marine and aquatic applications of biotechnology, but its use is relatively rare.
Green biotechnology: Green biotechnology is biotechnology applied to agricultural processes. An example would be the selection and domestication of plants via micropropagation. Another example is the designing of transgenic plants to grow under specific environments in the presence (or absence) of chemicals. An example of this is the engineering of a plant to express a pesticide, thereby ending the need of external application of pesticides such as Bt corn. Whether or not green biotechnology products such as this are ultimately more environmentally friendly is a topic of considerable debate.
Red biotechnology: Red biotechnology is applied to medical processes. Production of antibiotics and novel genetic cures constitutes this type.
White biotechnology: White biotechnology, also known as industrial biotechnology, is biotechnology applied to industrial processes.